The village of Kibworth in Leicestershire is located in the heart of England. It is a place that has lived through the Black Death, the Civil War and the Industrial Revolution, and it was even bombed in World War Two. With the help of the local people and using archaeology, landscape, language and DNA, historian Michael Wood uncovers the lost history of the first thousand years of the village, featuring a Roman villa, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings, and graphic evidence of life on the eve of the Norman Conquest. Part 1 of 6.
The story of Kibworth moves on to 1066 when the Normans build a castle there. Michael Wood reveals how the Norman occupation affected the villagers from the gallows to the alehouse, and shows the medieval open fields in action in the only place where they still survive today. With the help of the residents, he charts events in the village leading to the people's involvement in the Civil War of Simon de Montfort. Intertwining the local and national narratives, this is a moving and informative picture of one local community through time. Part 2 of 6.
The story of Kibworth reaches the catastrophic 14th century. The village goes through the worst famine in European history, and then, as revealed in the astonishing village archive in Merton College Oxford, two-thirds of the people die in the Black Death. Helped by today's villagers - field walking and reading the historical texts - and by the local schoolchildren digging archaeological test pits, Michael Wood follows stories of individual lives through these times, out of which the English idea of community and the English character begin to emerge. Part 3 of 6.
The story of Kibworth moves on to dramatic battles of conscience in the time of the Hundred Years' War. Amazing finds in the school archive help trace peasant education back to the 14th century, and we see how the people themselves set up the first school for their children. Some villagers join in a rebellion against King Henry V, while others rise to become middle class merchants in the textile town of Coventry. On the horizon is the Protestant Reformation, but the rise of capitalism and individualism sow the seeds of England's future greatness. Part 4 of 6.
The tale of Kibworth village reaches the dramatic events of Henry VIII's Reformation and the battles of the English Civil War. Michael Wood tracks Kibworth's 17th century dissenters, travel on the Grand Union Canal, and tells us about an 18th century feminist writer from Kibworth who was a pioneer of children's books. The story of a young highwayman transported to Australia comes alive as his living descendants come back to the village to uncover their roots. Lastly, the Industrial Revolution comes to the village with framework knitting factories, changing the village and its people forever. Part 5 of 6.
In this final episode, helped by today's villagers, Michael Wood uncovers the secret history of a Victorian village more colourful than even Dickens could have imagined. Recreating their penny concerts of the 1880s, visiting World War I battlefields with the school and recalling the Home Guard, local land girls and the bombing of the village in 1940, the series finally moves into the brave new world of 'homes for heroes' and the villagers come together to leave a reminder of their world for future generations. Part 6 of 6.
The Early Years details the birth of American aviation - from the Wright Brothers’ earliest flights, through the turbulent era of the 1920s, culminating with the Great Depression. The Early Years documents the captains of the aviation industry as young men as they design and construct planes for America’s effort in World War I, begin flying the mail in the 1920s and develop the first passenger airlines. The episode concludes with the dramatic head-to-head rivalry between William Boeing and Donald Douglas, as the Boeing 247 and the Douglas DC-3 battle for command of the newly born commercial aviation industry. Part 1 of 3.
The War Years documents the 1930s and '40s, as the storm clouds of war gather over Europe. With all of Europe a German stronghold by the summer of 1940 and Britain under attack, President Roosevelt calls on the captains of his aviation industry, declaring that America must now become "the arsenal of Democracy." Under the leadership of Donald Douglas, the US aviation industry unites to tackle the biggest production job in industrial history. With Boeing, Douglas and North American aviation factories working around the clock, some of the most legendary military aircraft are produced in record time - giving the Allies air supremacy in both European and Pacific theatres and, ultimately, victory in World War II. Part 2 of 3.
The Race to the Moon documents the Cold War era of the 1950s and '60s, as post-war America finds itself locked in an ideological struggle with the Soviet Union. In 1957, the Soviet launch of Sputnik suddenly shifts the Cold War battlefield to space and heralds the decade-long Race to the Moon. President Kennedy turns to the captains of his aviation industry — now in the autumn of their years — with the century’s greatest aerospace challenge. Part 3 of 3.
At the end of a bloody civil war, Francisco Franco seized power and ruled Spain with an iron hand for nearly four decades. Under his leadership the conservative, monarchist armed forces staged a coup against Spain’s democratically elected republican government. The insurrection was supported by Italy and Germany. Three years of bitter fighting followed and, by April 1939, Spain had become a different country. The hostilities and political purges cost half a million lives. Part 1 of 4.
The Franco myth stands for a cruel regime; for the darkest chapter in Spanish history. Franco gave himself the title of Caudillo de España - Supreme Leader of Spain. He created his own rituals of power: the war hero, the family man and the mass murderer. Franco was a man of many faces. Franco and his family formally moved into the El Pardo Palace, the former summer residence of the king. Was that still the behaviour of a head of state? Or was it already megalomania? Part 2 of 4.
At the end of the Second World War the cards in global politics were reshuffled. The Allies now made a clear distinction between the friends and foes of democracy. The situation became critical for Franco. His reign of terror caused widespread suffering in Spain, and many people sought to topple him. This episode shows how he managed to prevail within the new global power structure. Part 3 of 4.
In the mid-1950s Franco’s foreign policy successes opened up new perspectives for Spain. After years of stagnation the country was now moving forward - thus, Franco’s rule was legitimised. Resistance fell silent, with the dictator sitting firmly in the saddle. But along with new friends, new influences also entered the country. Spain changed, confronting the regime with new challenges. How much longer could Franco cling to power? Could Prince Juan Carlos give the dictatorship a future? Part 4 of 4.
FRONTLINE and The Wall Street Journal collaborate for the first time to investigate the decades-long failure to stop Dr Stanley Weber, a government paediatrician who moved from reservation to reservation despite warnings about his behaviour.
Join presenter Andrew White and his team of dedicated walkers as they lead a series of walks throughout Britain. In this episode, travel along part of the Isle of Wight Coastal Path and between Huggate and Thixendale on the Yorkshire Wolds Way.